For most of the last decade, the smart city has been a corporate project. That is to say, it has not challenged existing power structures in either its formulation of the essential problems facing cities or the solutions. It has focused on incremental improvement to existing systems and solutions through better management enabled by digital technology.
Dr. Anthony Townsend is an internationally-recognized expert on the future of cities and information technology. His first book, SMART CITIES: Big Data, Civic Hackers, and the Quest for A New Utopia, was published by W.W. Norton & Co. in 2013. Dr. Townsend is the founder of Bits and Atoms, a strategic advisory practice focused on technology-enabled urban development. His clients include Sidewalk Labs (an Alphabet company), Arup, the Inter-American Development Bank, Bloomberg Philanthropies, and many others.