For most of the past century, there were ready-at-hand answers to the question of “what scientific knowledge looks like”: namely, the learned article or specialized essay as printed in a professional journal or, in the case of sustained forms of argument, the scholarly book. Print was the medium of reference and these sorts of products implied shared assumptions regarding the proper scale on which arguments were to be made, the chunking of information, forms of evidence, cross-reference and documentation, and a bias toward individualized models of authorship.
Jeffrey Schnapp led the Stanford Humanities Lab between 1999 and 2009. After joining the Harvard University faculty in 2011, he founded metaLAB, where he serves as faculty director as well as codirector of the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. Among his recent publications are Digital_Humanities (2012), The Library Beyond the Book (2014), and the pamphlet “Knowledge Design” (Herrenhausen Lectures, Volkswagen Foundation, 2014). He is the cofounder and CEO of Piaggio Fast Forward, a Boston-based company devoted to developing innovative solutions to the mobility and transportation challenges of the contemporary world.